Hegel on History, IV: The Age of Freedom and End of History

We last left off with Hegel’s philosophy of history with the failure of the Aristocratic Age to produce universal freedom.  If we recall, the Aristocratic Age, that age of great movement, creativity, and the arts, and the dialectic between the aristocrats and plebeians, failed because there was no notion that all men were equal.  This … Continue reading Hegel on History, IV: The Age of Freedom and End of History

Witch-hunting in Salem: The Case of William Barker

In American historiography there is a particular focus on witch-hunting – especially as it occurred in Salem (and the larger Essex County region). The problem with the obsession over witch-hunting in Puritan New England is that the stereotypical images are precisely that, stereotypical. In reality, especially compared to Europe, witch-hunting was far less common in … Continue reading Witch-hunting in Salem: The Case of William Barker

Hegel and “Death of God” Theology

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is probably the most important and influential philosopher of the last 200 years.  It is Hegel who articulated concepts that we have all inherited in the present: “death of God,” the dialectic as unfolding history which leads to the “end of history,” the idea of Absolute Spirit or the Absolute Idea … Continue reading Hegel and “Death of God” Theology

Max Weber and Sociological Philosophy

Max Weber is considered one of the most important (if not the most) social scientists of the 20th century.  Weber is widely read in philosophy, since a lot of sociology falls under philosophical sociology.  Weber was noted for his support of the fact-value distinction, which led Weber’s assertion that choice should be conducted with extreme … Continue reading Max Weber and Sociological Philosophy

Irenaeus: Father of Apostolicity

St. Irenaeus is one of the most important early Christian fathers.  While figures like Origen, Tertullian, and especially St. Augustine gain more fame and attention, Irenaeus is probably more important on a cornerstone level than all three – especially for historical reasons.  It is through Irenaeus, who lived from 130-202 C.E. and predates Origen, Tertullian, … Continue reading Irenaeus: Father of Apostolicity

Puritanism and the Utopian State of Mind

In the History of England, David Hume opined that Puritan “theology” was the world’s first false philosophy – that is, the world’s first systematic political ideology.  More recently, from sociologists like Max Weber that the Calvinist ethos produced the spirit of capitalism, to Talcott Parsons arguing that Puritanism was, at its a heart, an “activist” … Continue reading Puritanism and the Utopian State of Mind