Francis Bacon: The Idol of the Tribe and Market

In his Novum Organum Francis Bacon outlines the four most dangerous idols of the human mind: Tribe, Market, Den, and Theater.  The emphasis on these idols are Bacon’s attempt to analyze current problems that humans suffer from and how to respond.  The names can be somewhat misleading unless one has read Bacon and understood him; … Continue reading Francis Bacon: The Idol of the Tribe and Market

Francis Bacon’s Conquest of Nature

Sir Francis is the father of modern philosophy.  He has been described as the “greatest philosopher” by John Dewey, and considered one of the three greatest men by Thomas Jefferson (alongside Newton and Locke).  Bacon’s Novum Organum (or Instrument of the New Science, or just New Science) was a momentous change in the history of … Continue reading Francis Bacon’s Conquest of Nature

Marx’s Dialectical Historicism

One of the core elements to Karl Marx’s philosophy was his dialectical materialism and historicism, which come together in his dialectical historicism.  Most people are probably familiar with it.  There are five distinct stages (or epochs) of history: slavery, feudalism, capitalism, socialism, and communism.  But the movement of history is not linear-progressive, it is cyclical; … Continue reading Marx’s Dialectical Historicism

Hobbes’s Leviathan: Part I

Thomas Hobbes is one of the most consequential and important modern philosophers.  In many ways he helped to shift Western consciousness in philosophy from God, the Transcendentals (the Good, True, and Beautiful), and the soul to materialism, physicalism, and mechanicalism.  This shift is what historian and philosopher Mark Lilla calls “the great separation” in his … Continue reading Hobbes’s Leviathan: Part I

Plato’s Phaedo

Phaedo is one of the more famous of the Platonic dialogues not named Republic.  The dialogue concerns itself with the nature of the human soul and the afterlife, but also implies the contention of “world flight” within non-Christianized Platonic philosophy (e.g. the view that Plato’s philosophy ultimately regards the material world as a hindrance that … Continue reading Plato’s Phaedo