The Specters of Fascism, Part VII

In concluding our series in examining fascism, its roots, its concrete manifestations, and its legacies, we have noted what is fascism and what is not fascism.  The common threads of fascist thought include: the synthesis of the people with the state for militaristic and warring ends (since conflict defines life through and through), that fascism’s … Continue reading The Specters of Fascism, Part VII

Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part VIII

We turn now through a marathon reduction of the rest of Chapter III in this reading of the Muqaddimah.  Why you ask, am I condensing remarks 19-52 into one post when I have spent so much time parsing out longer commentaries and explanations from the previous chapters and remarks?  Partially because the rest of Chapter … Continue reading Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part VIII

Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part VI

One of the recurrent themes in Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah is how human civilization follows nature life cycle patterns.  This leads a cyclical view of history that is both tragic and filled with tragedy, irony, and one in which death is inescapable.  In our sixth post reviewing the content of The Muqaddimah, we now turn to … Continue reading Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part VI

Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part V

The third chapter of the first book of the Muqaddimah is the longest within the Introduction and the most widely read, influential, and studied of Ibn Khaldun’s writings.  While building off of his theory of group feeling established in Chapter II, the contents of the third chapter explore the relationship of asabiyyah (group feeling) and … Continue reading Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part V

Al-Ghazali’s Alchemy of Happiness, Part II

Continuing our examination of Al-Ghazali’s Alchemy of Happiness, we turn to knowledge of the world and why knowledge of this world is important for coming to understand a knowledge of the next.  This builds on his previous chapters of knowledge of the self leading to a knowledge of God and understanding of judgment. One of … Continue reading Al-Ghazali’s Alchemy of Happiness, Part II