Francis Bacon: The Idol of the Tribe and Market

In his Novum Organum Francis Bacon outlines the four most dangerous idols of the human mind: Tribe, Market, Den, and Theater.  The emphasis on these idols are Bacon’s attempt to analyze current problems that humans suffer from and how to respond.  The names can be somewhat misleading unless one has read Bacon and understood him; … Continue reading Francis Bacon: The Idol of the Tribe and Market

Francis Bacon’s Conquest of Nature

Sir Francis is the father of modern philosophy.  He has been described as the “greatest philosopher” by John Dewey, and considered one of the three greatest men by Thomas Jefferson (alongside Newton and Locke).  Bacon’s Novum Organum (or Instrument of the New Science, or just New Science) was a momentous change in the history of … Continue reading Francis Bacon’s Conquest of Nature

Introduction to Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes is one of the most consequential philosophers in history.  Some say he is the father of modern philosophy, and the father of liberalism, “If we may call liberalism that political doctrine which regards as the fundamental fact the rights, as distinguished from the duties, of man and which identifies the function of the … Continue reading Introduction to Thomas Hobbes

Hegel and the Owl of Minerva

George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is unarguably the premier heavy-weight philosopher of late modernity.  While there are many lesser known but equally important philosophers who led up to Hegel, and influenced Hegel (Hamann, Herder, Fichte, et al.) it is Hegel who is fondly – and rightly – remembered as the “Protestant Aquinas” and the great systematizer … Continue reading Hegel and the Owl of Minerva

Aristotle’s Epistemological Legacy: “Science” vs. “Faith”

Aristotle is considered the father of natural science because he was the father of natural philosophy.  In Book II of the Physics, Aristotle distinguishes between natural philosophy, as an outgrowth of his treatise in part A of Book II concerning things in nature, and other forms of philosophy: mathematics and metaphysics.  Physics, along with Metaphysics, … Continue reading Aristotle’s Epistemological Legacy: “Science” vs. “Faith”