Hegel’s Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy of Right)

Hegel’s social and political philosophy was of profound importance in mid nineteenth century Germany, especially within the Kingdom of Prussia where he spent his latter days.  It is sometimes said that Hegel believed Prussia was the end of history, that Prussia was the fulfillment of the socio-political, constitutional, and ethical progression of the Spirit in … Continue reading Hegel’s Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy of Right)

Carl Schmitt: On Human Nature

“[F]or it is a fact that the entire life of a human being is a struggle and every human being symbolically a combatant. The friend, enemy, and combat concepts receive their real meaning precisely because they refer to the real possibility of physical killing. War follows from enmity. War is the existential negation of the … Continue reading Carl Schmitt: On Human Nature

Cicero: On Duties and Obligations

Cicero, perhaps the most famous of the Roman philosophers, wrote an influential treatise on duties and obligations published after his death.  De Officiis, along with his Republic/Commonwealth and Laws, is Cicero’s longstanding legacy to the West.  In fact, On Obligations was widely influential in that it influenced Sts. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas, becoming an integral … Continue reading Cicero: On Duties and Obligations

Hegel and “Death of God” Theology

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is probably the most important and influential philosopher of the last 200 years.  It is Hegel who articulated concepts that we have all inherited in the present: “death of God,” the dialectic as unfolding history which leads to the “end of history,” the idea of Absolute Spirit or the Absolute Idea … Continue reading Hegel and “Death of God” Theology

Aristotle On Dialectical Politics

Aristotle’s political theory is grounded in two principal cornerstones: that man is a political (or social) animal, and that the end of human existence is happiness.   Thus, humanity’s essential social character cannot be separated from his existential character.  The separation of humanity from society will not produce the happiness he seeks.  Likewise, a politics that … Continue reading Aristotle On Dialectical Politics