Karl Marx: On the Jewish Question

Karl Marx’s essay “On the Jewish Question,” at the face of it, seems like a typical anti-Semitic piece of writing where Marx decried the god of the Jews as the idol of mammon.  However, the essay is of political importance as it details several noticeable things about Marx’s political thought.  First is his assertion that … Continue reading Karl Marx: On the Jewish Question

Kant: On Perpetual Peace

Among Immanuel Kant’s famous essays is his essay “To Eternal Peace” (alternatively titled “On Perpetual Peace”).  In this essay, published in 1795 right at the onset of the French Revolutionary Wars, Kant follows up on his philosophy of history by offering deep contemplation on the nature of unfolding history and constitutions to peace among nations.  … Continue reading Kant: On Perpetual Peace

Rousseau: The Social Contract, III

The third book of Rousseau’s Social Contract is the most theoretical and philosophical.  On one hand it covers familiar ground: the forms of government (democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy), how any form of government can be a “republic” (in the traditional sense of pertaining or relating to the public thing), why there are no pure democracies, … Continue reading Rousseau: The Social Contract, III

Thoughts on Machiavelli’s Republicanism

Machiavelli is one of the most important thinkers in the Western canon that has been identified with the shift away from the ancients and the movement toward modernity.  Most people will likely know Machiavelli for his work The Prince – irrespective if they have read the text.  That said, Machiavelli was a man of letters, … Continue reading Thoughts on Machiavelli’s Republicanism

Machiavelli and the Modern World

Machiavelli is generally seen as the first modern philosopher and political philosopher.  In his two famous works: The Prince and the Discourses on Livy, there are 14 uses of the word “Form” and 51 uses of the word “Matter.”  14 and 51 are numerological derivations of 7 and 17 respectively.  In Greek philosophical numerology, 7 … Continue reading Machiavelli and the Modern World