Dante’s Inferno, III: Hell as an Allegorical Contrast to Catholic Teaching

In our exploration of Dante’s Inferno, I have already explored the general construction of Hell in its two tiers in the first part of this essay series, and I then explored the relationship between Dante and Virgil in the second part of this series.  This final part will highlight in some greater detail what has … Continue reading Dante’s Inferno, III: Hell as an Allegorical Contrast to Catholic Teaching

Reading Augustine’s City of God: The Two Cities

Augustine’s City of God is one of the great works of Western literature: philosophy, cultural criticism, theology, and development of Christian doctrines.  At 22 books, and over 1,000 pages (most translations), the City of God is not light reading but is generally considered one of the most masterful works ever produced in the Western philosophical … Continue reading Reading Augustine’s City of God: The Two Cities

Rupture: Paradise Lost and the Fall in Christianity

The concept of the Fall in Christianity is one of its most notable ideas, codified into doctrine with the understanding of Original Sin which stems from the Fall.  We have already examined aspects of the Fall in the thought of St. Augustine in these posts here and here.  Now we turn to a more cursory … Continue reading Rupture: Paradise Lost and the Fall in Christianity

Augustine: On the Fall of Man, Part II

Having examined Augustine’s reading of the Fall of Man in an anthropological and teleological sense, in which we can conclude that the Fall of Man is the rejection of reason (God, since God is Reason) and that man attempts to fulfill their happiness through purely willing their own happiness without reason (reason ordering desire to … Continue reading Augustine: On the Fall of Man, Part II

Judaism’s Gifts to the West

“The Jews started it all,” wrote Thomas Cahill in The Gift of the Jews.  By “it,” Cahill states he is referring to modern sensibilities and dispositions.  But the West’s struggle with its relationship with Judaism is something replete with ironies, paradoxes, and hostility.  Yet, it is from this relationship that the modern West—as we know … Continue reading Judaism’s Gifts to the West

Augustine: On the Fall of Man, Part I

We’ve already explored short bits of Augustine’s anthropological philosophy in other posts.  Now we’re turning to examine his doctrine of the Fall of Man.  It is wrong to claim that Christianity’s anthropological origo is sin; this is a common mistake even among most sincere Christians.  Instead, the origo of man is the imago Dei, in … Continue reading Augustine: On the Fall of Man, Part I

Hegel and “Death of God” Theology

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is probably the most important and influential philosopher of the last 200 years.  It is Hegel who articulated concepts that we have all inherited in the present: “death of God,” the dialectic as unfolding history which leads to the “end of history,” the idea of Absolute Spirit or the Absolute Idea … Continue reading Hegel and “Death of God” Theology