Hegel on History, III: From Orient to Aristocracy

We left off examining Hegel’s philosophy of history with the Hero, Orient, and religion.  Now we move into the heart of Hegel’s historicism: the movement from the orient to aristocracy.  The movement to aristocratic governance is the next great moment in historical unfolding, but also posed many problems as Hegel makes clear in his commentary … Continue reading Hegel on History, III: From Orient to Aristocracy

The Melian Dialogue: A Philosophical Analysis

Thucydides is sometimes considered to be the most dense and thoughtful writer and thinker of Antiquity, yes, even more-so than the likes of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.  His great gift to the Western canon: History of the Peloponnesian War is one of the great classics of Western literature, history, and philosophy.  Its content, especially when … Continue reading The Melian Dialogue: A Philosophical Analysis

The Greatness of Athens: Pericles’s Funeral Oration

In reading Thucydides, much attention is paid to the many speeches in The History of the Peloponnesian War.  Many philosophers have seen Thucydides providing his own commentary on the nature of philosophy in these speeches – after all, Thucydides wasn’t really present at any of the speeches.  They are recreations by Thucydides where he explores … Continue reading The Greatness of Athens: Pericles’s Funeral Oration

Thucydides’ Athenian Exceptionalism

Exceptionalism is a topic that comes up a lot in political discussions and philosophy seminars.  What is exceptionalism, who is exceptional, why are they exceptional, is exceptionalism just a smoke-screen for imperialism?  so on and so forth.  Also, it has become somewhat common since 2003 to begin referring to America as “the New Rome,” even … Continue reading Thucydides’ Athenian Exceptionalism