In beginning a series of explanatory overviews of various schools of political philosophy, I have started to decide with the most ancient of the schools of thought: Conservatism. For English-speaking people, conservatism is a term that has infiltrated public consciousness but few seem to understand it. In particular the two greatest groups of offenders of … Continue reading Political Philosophy: What is Conservatism?
Rousseau begins his Discourses on Inequality by stating he is examining the question of man – quid sit homo – that eternal question that is at the bedrock of philosophy. Chronologically, Rousseau wrote the Discourses before the Social Contract, but the two works complement one another and should be read together. Within the Discourses Rousseau’s … Continue reading Rousseau: The First Discourse on Inequality
The history of political philosophy is often divided between the classics (or ancients) in contradistinction to the moderns. Political philosophy, from the time of Socrates and Plato, has always been regarded as the queen of the philosophical enterprises because it most pertains to the question of being human. Hence, political philosophy is necessarily tied to … Continue reading The Great Divide: Political Philosophy, Ancient vs. Modern
Aristotle’s Physics has had a profound and far-reaching legacy, in many ways, Aristotle’s work has shaped our understanding of nature and the natural – especially as it emerged from Book II. In Book II Aristotle begins to delineate and distinguish between “of things that exist…by nature” (ontology) and “some from other causes.” Nature is associated … Continue reading Aristotle’s Physics
Aristotle’s political theory is grounded in two principal cornerstones: that man is a political (or social) animal, and that the end of human existence is happiness. Thus, humanity’s essential social character cannot be separated from his existential character. The separation of humanity from society will not produce the happiness he seeks. Likewise, a politics that … Continue reading Aristotle On Dialectical Politics
Aristotle is remembered as one of the greatest of the classical philosophers, metaphysicians, and epistemologists, but he was equally the most important political philosopher of the ancient world. Aristotle’s Politics and Ethics are fundamental in political philosophy studies, and his ideas were largely incorporated into Christian political theory through the rise of Catholicism (though Catholic … Continue reading Aristotle: On Politics
In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argues that ethics aims at the achievement of excellent, because this excellence produces happiness to the human soul, and this is fundamentally good because happiness is our end and the goal that all human actions attempt to embody through the action itself (however flawed or whether it actually achieves an enduring … Continue reading Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics