Hegel’s Phenomenology: Preface, II (24-37)

Sections 24-37 of Hegel’s Phenomenology contain the his system of science (knowledge) or philosophy.  Having laid out the groundworks of what he is dealing with, namely how do we avoid nihilism and come to actual knowing which is the embodiment of objective substance within the subjective self (a form of transcendental phenomenology), Hegel moves into … Continue reading Hegel’s Phenomenology: Preface, II (24-37)

Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part V

The third chapter of the first book of the Muqaddimah is the longest within the Introduction and the most widely read, influential, and studied of Ibn Khaldun’s writings.  While building off of his theory of group feeling established in Chapter II, the contents of the third chapter explore the relationship of asabiyyah (group feeling) and … Continue reading Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part V

Augustine: On the Fall of Man, Part II

Having examined Augustine’s reading of the Fall of Man in an anthropological and teleological sense, in which we can conclude that the Fall of Man is the rejection of reason (God, since God is Reason) and that man attempts to fulfill their happiness through purely willing their own happiness without reason (reason ordering desire to … Continue reading Augustine: On the Fall of Man, Part II