Geography and Environment in Ibn Khaldun

Taking a pause from our remark by remark reading of Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, it is time that we take a closer examination of a running theme that unites the entire work: geopolitical philosophy.  Geopolitical philosophy is the sub-discipline within philosophy and political theory that examines the role of the environment (or geography) and its impact … Continue reading Geography and Environment in Ibn Khaldun

Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part VI

One of the recurrent themes in Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah is how human civilization follows nature life cycle patterns.  This leads a cyclical view of history that is both tragic and filled with tragedy, irony, and one in which death is inescapable.  In our sixth post reviewing the content of The Muqaddimah, we now turn to … Continue reading Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part VI

Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part V

The third chapter of the first book of the Muqaddimah is the longest within the Introduction and the most widely read, influential, and studied of Ibn Khaldun’s writings.  While building off of his theory of group feeling established in Chapter II, the contents of the third chapter explore the relationship of asabiyyah (group feeling) and … Continue reading Reading Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, Part V

Friedrich Schelling’s Naturphilosophie, Part I

Friedrich Schelling was one of the late German Idealists and Romantics.  Though he was a contemporary of many greats like Johann Fichte, Johann Herder (briefly), Hegel, and others, Schelling’s philosophy blossomed in the later period of German philosophy after Hegel.  Although influenced by Kant and Fichte, he also attempted to shed the solipsism of Fichte … Continue reading Friedrich Schelling’s Naturphilosophie, Part I

Friedrich Schelling’s Philosophy of Mythology

In his series of lectures on the philosophy of mythology, published as the Historical Critical Introduction to the Philosophy of Mythology, Friedrich Schelling achieves a paradigmatic revolution in German Romantic and idealistic thought that would be influential for later German philosophy and influential upon the psychologist Carl Jung.  Schelling, a student and pupil of Fichte and … Continue reading Friedrich Schelling’s Philosophy of Mythology

Reading Machiavelli’s Prince, Part II

As we continue examining Machiavelli’s The Prince, we turn to Chapters 10-19 which contains his most famous phrase of it is better to be feared than loved.  Well, Machiavelli didn’t exactly say those specific words in that order, but his recommendations to the Prince is that it is better to command fear than to be … Continue reading Reading Machiavelli’s Prince, Part II

Hegel’s Master-Slave Dialectic

This will be one of the shorter explanations of an arguably dense philosophical topic in Hegel’s thought, but one that – while having sweeping implications in understanding action theory and history, and also how to understand our relationships today in political, social, and individualistic levels – is not too difficult to follow although some might … Continue reading Hegel’s Master-Slave Dialectic