Augustine on Creation and Evil

Although Confessions is long-winded prayer and an autobiography, Confessions is also a work of profound philosophical importance.  The first half of Confessions roughly deals with anthropology, the tension between desire and reason, and the need for reason to order desire to achieve what desire seeks.  The second half of Confessions shifts to a more neo-Platonic … Continue reading Augustine on Creation and Evil

Plato vs. Glaucon: What is the Purpose of the Social Contract?

Glaucon is Plato’s older brother and one of the many sophists that we encounter in the many dialogues.  He is given a fairly prominent position in the early books of The Republic, coming to prominence in Book II where Glaucon defends an early account of what we call the "Social Contract" in philosophy.  The social … Continue reading Plato vs. Glaucon: What is the Purpose of the Social Contract?

Introduction to German Romanticism

I'm beginning a series where I'm going to slowly move through the history of the German Idealists and Romantics.  Those interested in understanding the most important philosophical movement of the late modern period.  Clink on the link to the YT recording/video. Introduction to German Romanticism: Where I give a whirlwind tour of the history of … Continue reading Introduction to German Romanticism

De Maistre: Defending the Social Order

One of the aspects of Joseph Maistre’s political thought that earns him scorn is his steadfast defense of the social order.  De Maistre’s social order largely stemmed from his Catholicism, where Catholicism – following the philosophy of the Logos – maintains that there is a rational order to society and that in this hierarchal order … Continue reading De Maistre: Defending the Social Order

Augustine and the Logos

The most important aspect of Christianity is not actually its proclamation that there is a God, for the philosophers before Christianity (Cicero, Aristotle, Plato, and Parmenides, etc.) all asserted that there had to be one God.  It isn’t even the so-called “dying and rising” narrative that many comparative mythologists center in on concerning the death … Continue reading Augustine and the Logos

Joseph de Maistre: Upon the Altar of Blood and Violence

Joseph de Maistre is a relatively unknown name to us now, especially in the English-speaking world, but he was widely influential in the nineteenth century and well into the twentieth century.  A diplomat, writer, and philosopher, his influence extended to the utopian socialists of France to the “Counter Enlightenment” critics of the revolutionary spirit of … Continue reading Joseph de Maistre: Upon the Altar of Blood and Violence

The Roman Stoics: Cato and Seneca

Cato and Seneca (the Youngers) are two of the most important pre-Christian Roman philosophers.  While Cicero is the most famous of the Stoic philosophers, the issue of them being “stoic” philosophers is a matter of strong contention since they’re not fully “stoic” in the original Greek sense.  Stoicism is another classical rationalist school of thought.  … Continue reading The Roman Stoics: Cato and Seneca